By Anu Anand

BBC correspondent in Vrindavan, north India



Five years ago, Indian director Deepa Mehta tried to make a film about the exploitation

of widows.

But she and her film crew were forced to quit after violent protests by Hindu leaders.

Now, the spotlight is back on the ill-treatment of India's widows. A new film, by an 

Indian-American director, tells harrowing tales of sexual and physical abuse.


Harsh lives

In the fading light of afternoon, nearly 300 women sit chanting on the marble floor, 

their skeletal faces shrouded in white saris. It is the second shift in Vrindavan's largest 

widow ashram (religious retreat), some 200 kilometres east of the Indian capital Delhi.

Many have been forced to shave their heads. All wear the color of grief, waiting for the day

they too will follow their husbands into the afterlife. The women struggle to stay awake.

But they must, because a shift here earns them one plate of rice and lentils, just enough to


Their story is now being told on-screen.


Film exposes reality

A new film called White Rainbows tells the story of four widows in Vrindavan - who were

raped, disfigured and abandoned by their families. It is based on the real life story of Mohini

Giri, today, India's leading advocate of widows' rights. She says the film tells the ugly truth.

"The atrocities are manifold - one is due to hunger, the second - no shelter - they have to

depend on men who in turn molest them or take advantage of their vulnerability and the third

is illiteracy - they are not educated. "Not having these three things leaves them in a dismal


Dharan Mandrayar, is the film's director. An Indian living in California, he says he was shocked

to discover widows were still treated in such appalling manner.

"It's unbelievable that families would abandon their mothers...that's why we decided to do this

film. "We are hoping that even if it changes a couple of minds to do something or to help we

have achieved something."


Forced out

Most widows I talked to said this was their fate. Anita Yadav is 29-years-old. After her

husband died of alcohol poisoning, she too fled to Vrindavan with her three young children.

"My brother in law kept trying to molest me. He'd come to my room again and again. I

complained, but my in-laws took his side. "They said, either marry him, or get out."

But Anita has found a rare sanctuary. She lives in a rescue mission run by Mohini Giri who has

joined hands with Dharan Mandrayar to spread the film's message. Here, the women wear

colorful saris - red and green, white with purple polka dots - to reject the

stigma of widowhood. They can pray or simply watch TV. These small freedoms are important.

And after the violent opposition to the last film on widows in India, the making of White

Rainbows alone is progress.



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